In the decade to 2005, financial mismanagement and government missteps caused Nauru incomes and living standards to plunge. In 2005, Nauru embarked on a program of change, including the development of a 20 year National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS). The NSDS and its 2009 update, aim for Nauru to achieve growth by building on economic infrastructure and advancing structural reforms.
As part of this effort, the Government of Nauru decided to formulate and develop a Strategic Plan for Economic Infrastructure in Nauru that would identify and prioritize infrastructure investments, and set out recommendations for addressing the country's infrastructure requirements for growth and economic development. Besides economic infrastructure, this plan also includes the infrastructure requirements of the social and health sectors.