There are fourteen ESCAP Members in the Pacific Subregion and seven Associate Members.
This perspective includes Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs), but primarily the Pacific Island Countries (PICs): the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.
The subregion and its development challenges have been well described in numerous recent studies, including several prepared by ESCAP,2 the Forum Secretariat3 and ADB4 in 2012. This introduction summarises information from these and other analyses that may be useful for considering the subregion’s energy security. Figure 1.1 illustrates the vast geographical area of the Pacific, with over 3,000 islands spread over an area of sea covering nearly one-third of the planet’s surface, extending about 8,000 km from Palau to French Polynesia.