LPG and Natural Gas as Alternative Energy Sources for the Pacific

Country

The study assesses the potential and economic feasibility of LPG, LNG or CNG to meet medium-term energy needs in Pacific island countries. It considers the end-use applications of power generation, process heating, maritime transport, land transport, cooking and water heating.

The existing fuels considered for substitution included heavy fuel oil (HFO), diesel, gasoline, kerosene and biomass. International aviation fuel is excluded because gas does not offer a technologically viable alternative to aviation fuel at this stage.

The study covers 20 Pacific countries and territories (American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Guam, Kiribati, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu). In-country research was conducted in Fiji, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, Tonga, Vanuatu and regional workshops with government officials, development partners and industry representatives.